Bar Mitzvah and Bat Mitzvah Bar Mitzvah in a synagogue At gurl 13 years old for a boy and 12 years old for a girl a Jewish boy or girl becomes responsible for living by the Jewish Law. She or he has to accept the law and its obligations in full, take part in synagogue services and set a good example.
No boy is now counted as part of the minyan and may lead part of the services. According to Jewish law, he or she is also now eligible to own property and to get married.
Before his 13th birthday, a Jewish boy will attend lessons, usually at the gil, in Hebrew and in how to read the Torah aloud. On the Sabbath nearest to his 13th birthday, the boy will become Bar Mitzvah. During the Sabbath service, the boy will read aloud part of the Torah or a section of the Prophets.
He will wear the tefillin for the first time. The Rabbi will address part of his talk to the boy and the boy might give a talk to the llne of the assembly.
The boy's father will then recite a prayer of thanks for his son's coming of age. After the service there will usually be a party to celebrate the Bar Mitzvah. A girl from a Liberal Jewish community will prepare for her Bat Mitzvah in a similar way to a boy preparing for his Bar Mitzvah, but she gurl do this around the time of her 12th birthday.
However, during the Bat Mitzvah ceremony itself, the girl will not wear the tefillin. It takes place in Orthodox synagogues gifl a date close to the girl's 12th birthday.
The girl will give a talk on a Jewish topic, but not during the Sabbath service. Orthodox Jews see the role of women and men as different. Women do not take an active part in the synagogue services, but have a very important role to play in kn home.
Bat Chayil allows the girl to take up her adult role in the community. The girl has to observe those Jewish laws that pertain to women and learn how to keep a good Jewish home.
How to apply the Jewish dietary laws is a good example of one of the lessons an Orthodox Jewish teenage girl has to learn.